29th May, 2020
15th May, 2020
Interview with Chargebacks911's Harlan Hutson
Chargebacks are complex and quite expensive to process. The travel industry needs to prepared for the same.
Ai Video: Nethone's Rodrigo Camacho on managing fraud during crisis
29th April, 2020
Airlines are in a precarious situation, and it is tough to look beyond dealing with liquidity crisis. But there are certain issues that can't be ignored, and that includes countering the moves of fraudsters and scammers.
Ai's Ritesh Gupta interacted with Rodrigo Camacho, Nethone's Chief Commercial Officer about the same.
Camacho spoke about:
23rd April, 2020
Travelers have been exploring options for claiming flight cancellation compensation, and are peeved at large that they aren’t getting their money back.
The going hasn’t been smooth for passengers, airlines and those involved in processing of payments owing to the coronavirus crisis. The fact that, there has been an explosion in credit card disputes, as Monica Eaton-Cardone, Chargebacks911 asserts, explains the same.
From a traveler’s perspective, there are vital tips available that can be used as a guide for how to file a credit card dispute, what to do in case a traveler booked a flight with airline miles etc. There have been numerous such cases, for instance in the U. S. and the U. K., that have been by highlighted by blogs and media.
To the credit of the industry, the likes of Allegiant and Spirit are offering refunds to passengers who voluntarily and proactively cancel their own tickets. But that hasn’t been the case with others. In fact, it is being highlighted airlines in the U. S. are sitting on more than $10 billion in customer cash, instead of returning this significant sum of money to the American public.
In case airlines aren’t responding to a claim for refund, then don’t initiate cancellation on your own. If you do, then do consider whether the travel company is offering refunds to travelers who voluntarily and proactively cancel their own tickets during the crisis. Also, assess is your ticket refundable? How to get a refund a non-refundable airline ticket in the US (see a link below)
In case, airlines aren’t supporting those travelers who voluntarily wish to cancel, then playing the waiting game is the best option. So wait for an email, check the website etc. and then take action. For more details, here are useful links from the U. S. and U. S.:
How to make a claim under Section 75 of the Consumer Credit Act 1974 in the U. K.?
How to file a credit card dispute in the U. S.? What to do for flights booked with airline miles?
By Ritesh Gupta
11th April, 2020
Global health crisis and quarantine has impacted our lives in a striking manner.
A couple of aspects that need to be assessed from security and fraud prevention perspective following the change in our work routine owing to the COVID-19 pandemic:
Working from home could increase #cybersecurity risks.
One area of concern has been #ZoomBombing. Zoom has been graceful enough to acknowledge that it did fell short when it came to privacy and security expectations. Users need to follow the guidelines and recommendations on securing Zoom. For instance, Zoom has introduced a new icon. It simplifies how hosts can quickly find and enable many of Zoom’s in-meeting security features. Additionally, the Zoom Meeting ID will no longer be displayed on the title toolbar.
In fact, the main lesson would be keep all software updated and focus on unusual passwords, use two-factor authentication everywhere etc.
Another issue has been e-commerce fraud.
As highlighted by ACI Worldwide this week, merchants are starting to experience dramatic increases in COVID-19-related phishing activities, with stolen credentials released into the eCommerce payments chain, as well as increased friendly fraud activities. The company also shared that average fraudulent attempted purchase value increased by $36 in March, driven by electronic and retail goods; this corresponds to a fraudulent attempted transactional value increase by 13 percent.
Here are few areas to look at from security perspective:
8th April, 2020
Airlines are struggling on several counts as they try to come to grips with the crisis. One indispensable need is to deal with every passenger’s request and travel technology specialists are helping them to cope up with the same in this shaky phase, writes Ai’s Ritesh Gupta
Travel technology specialists have had to accelerate the dispensing of their offerings/ services as the industry collectively attempts to minimize the impact of disruption as well as cancellation of flights owing to the Covid-19 pandemic.
The airlines have been looking at ways to soothe and pacify various concerns of travelers, be it for a healthy flying experience, their safety, loyalty accounts, cancellations/ change fee etc. over the past month and a half. Network and operations teams are still struggling to repatriate passengers, answer their queries etc.
During this global crisis, which changes day by day, it is imperative for airlines to stay in touch with passengers/ travelers in real-time.
Acknowledging the same, Travelport has worked on a guide for airlines with the objective of helping airlines to capitalize on the prowess of mobile as communication channel. At a time when there is hardly time for development or budget for investment, Travelport focused on how airlines can identify opportunities that would require little or no development. Instead they focus on owned media, free/low cost third-party tools, and functionality built into mobile operating systems.
For instance, referring to the functionality built into the iOS and Android operating systems, it mentioned the same offers travel brands a distinctive avenue to pass on information about COVID-19 to their travelers using Wallet passes. Once added, these passes can be updated in real-time with new information and pushed to the traveler's device instantly. Also, how the use of push notifications can help travelers and at the same time cut down the dependency on agents, call centers etc. by enabling a passenger to use a self-service option on their chosen device. Plus, how to make use of videos or in-app messages at this juncture.
Travelport also has worked on a airline policy tracker, offering an ongoing update of each new policy (related to cancellations, change fees and refunds). Plus, via an online link, the company is posting reports on global travel trends, with analysis of industry data etc.
Amadeus has shared that the team has been serving a huge flow of re-accommodation requests. It processed around 2.5 million re-accommodation transactions per day, up from a typical volume of just 150,000 per day, over the past few weeks. This essentially means revising prior fare rules and enabling travel agents or passengers to change tickets themselves in line with the airline’s new conditions, removing the need for manual airline involvement and lessening the call centre workload.
“Despite the uncertainty for the future, we are seeing re-accommodation trends go down again, as most passengers have been re-allocated, been given the option to cancel their flight or offered vouchers for future travel,” shared Julia Sattel, President, Airlines, Amadeus, via a blog post.
Amadeus is also contributing in following ways:
At a time when cash reserves are running down quickly and the entire industry is struggling, travel technology specialists would indeed play a critical role in serving all the stakeholders in the best possible manner.
30th March, 2020
Be it for a hotel chain offering rooms to the homeless people in France or airlines asking staff with medical vocational training to consider helping doctors and other medics are things the entire travel industry can be proud of as the fight against the COVID19 goes on, writes Ai’s Ritesh Gupta
Helping the needy, taking care of the sufferer, offering support to the elderly …any act of kindness amidst all the gloom is what warms our heart to no end.
We all are witnessing, and some of us are even going through, extremely painful moments. And when one ends up being a savior for someone, it’s gladdening and emerges as one moment of happiness that we all can share.
The way the travel industry has contributed during the COVID19 pandemic exemplifies its character.
Airlines are carrying medical supplies globally via cargo flights and operating repatriation flights to get people home.
Ed Bastian, CEO at Delta Air Lines, has not only empathized as a corporate leader, but also a father and family member, as he dwelled on the significance of occasions like graduations and weddings and how his team is trying to make it easier to change or cancel flights with no fee via My Trips on Delta.com.
Delta is extending free flights to medical volunteers to certain U.S. regions impacted by the deadly coronavirus to support medical professionals on the front lines.
Acknowledging the role of air cargo in times of crisis, for instance, in delivering lifesaving medical supplies, many airlines including American Airlines, Lufthansa etc. are utilizing its currently grounded passenger aircraft to move cargo in and out of the country, too. These airlines are making every effort to ensure that the flow of cargo does not stop.
Service in medical facilities
The airline staff is also being counted to meet the shortage of medical personnel. Many airline staff are first aid trained or hold other clinical qualifications.
Lufthansa has shared that employees with medical vocational training can now volunteer for service in medical facilities.
In the U. K., the National Health Service (NHS) has enlisted easyJet and Virgin Atlantic to work alongside NHS clinicians at new Nightingale hospitals as part of the fight against coronavirus.
According to an official release: The airlines are asking staff who have not been working since the COVID-19 pandemic grounded some planes to consider helping the thousands of doctors, nurses and other medics at the new hospitals being built across the country. easyJet has already written to all 9,000 of its UK based staff, which includes 4,000 cabin crew who are trained in CPR, while Virgin Atlantic will write to approximately 4,000 of their employees this week, prioritizing those with the required skills and training. New hospitals are being built in London, Birmingham and Manchester.
Hotel rooms for homeless people
Accor has acknowledged the fact there is a health crisis in France. Accordingly, the group has chosen to help the healthcare community and deprived people with accommodation solutions in the group’s hotels. Accor has set up a telephone helpdesk to respond quickly to needs and emergency situations. The group is offering a total capacity of 1,000 to 2,000 beds to accommodate homeless people throughout the country. The service is also open to all medical staff involved in the fight against COVID19. So when Sébastien Bazin, Chairman and CEO of Accor Group, says, “Welcoming, protecting and taking care of others is at the very heart of what we do”, he exemplifies how an organization can use its core resources and play its part in coming out of such a perilous situation.
When Bastian says, “Our commitment to you remains…”, these are not only reassuring words for stakeholders but also makes one proud of being a part of this wonderful industry.
Stay safe, stay healthy!
16th March, 2020
Ai Editorial: Cybercriminals are trying to capitalize on the outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) by sending a high volume of this disease-related phishing emails, writes Ai’s Ritesh Gupta
Are you about to open a Corona virus-related malicious file? Or have you already inadvertently opened one?
We all need to be aware of phishing emails that are being sent by scammers, fraudsters and hackers. These emails feature files in various formats that are being disguised as documents relating to the newly discovered Coronavirus. Fraudsters are counting on public fear as they design malicious email campaigns, hoping the same would lure users into clicking on a link or open an attachment. So avoid clicking on links in unsolicited emails.
Typically emails, featuring information about COVID-19, are being sent from seemingly legitimate organizations. For instance, a malicious email falsely claiming to be from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is in news. Such emails generally ask the user to open an attachment to see the latest statistics or are even offering online offers for vaccinations. Or scammers are coming up with recommendations or medical advice to protect one against the coronavirus. If a user clicks on the attachment or embedded link, they end up downloading malicious software onto a device. The malicious software paves way for illegitimate access to, or damage, computers, and possibly lead to identity theft as well.
Cybercriminals have also targeted employees’ workplace email accounts. Plus, according to Norton, scammers have posted ads that claim to offer treatment or cures for the coronavirus. The ads often try to create a sense of urgency — for instance, “Buy now, limited supply.”
Verify before taking action
We have to be suspicious of an email that creates a sense of urgency or an action on an immediate basis. Take your time, check who has sent the email – look at the email id, for instance. Do not open attachments without first making sure the request is authentic.
It is becoming increasingly difficult to identify malicious emails. Acknowledging the threat, The World Health Organization (WHO) has admitted that fraudsters are posing as representatives of the organization to steal money or sensitive information. WHO has asserted that if one is being contacted by a person or organization that appears to be from WHO, then one must confirm their genuineness before responding. There are appeals for funding or donations that aren’t related to WHO.
How to prevent phishing - a user would need to take extra steps, but these aren’t really tough things to do. They might take more time than usual to access information but then it is worth it if one can avoid being a victim to such phishing email scams:
11th March, 2020
Ai Editorial: There is much bigger loss in revenue when a merchant declines transactions without taking an initiative to dig deeper. One needs to learn how to manage risk and how the use of machine learning can contribute in the same, writes Ai’s Ritesh Gupta
The way travel merchants differentiate between a fraudulent and legitimate transaction is evolving, and one aspect that has stood out relates to managing the risk.
Rather than avoiding risk altogether, the approach is to pave way for more revenue based on a bigger risk appetite. A key learning: there is much bigger loss in revenue when a merchant simply declines transactions, rather than risking clearing a fraudulent one and learning from what all is being done. The time has come when the focus must be on managing false positives better.
Monica Eaton-Cardone, COO of Chargebacks911, asserts that the fear of fraud is a huge issue, and for merchants, it comes with a burden of $118 billion every year.
“ That’s roughly 20% of total US e-commerce spending in 2019. But here’s the real shock: while $118 billion is an almost unbelievable figure, reports show merchants spend 10 times that much trying to prevent chargeback fraud,” Monica, wrote in a blog post recently.
Doing away with “rules”
Staying away from risk at any cost is reflected in rule-based fraud prevention systems. For instance, rules based on geo-location that could oppose all transactions from one area/ market. Traditional fraud prevention methodology impacted sales in an adverse manner. Fraud prevention specialists chose to avoid taking the risk of accepting a borderline transaction (which could be genuine), resulting in much greater false positives. At the same time, rules deployed (location based, amount based, time based, etc) limit genuine users from making transactions. But today merchants are finding ways to overlook rules when positive behaviour is identified.
On the basis of calculated risks, the system passes the optimized number of transactions while ensuring that chargeback rates are still under control. As a result, borderline genuine transactions can be passed and unnecessary rules and bans are lifted, improving sales greatly. So merchants are drifting away from hard rules and relying on behavioural analysis – evaluating a combination of variables and patterns – a judicious way to obstruct fraudsters/ hackers and yet cut down on false positives at the same time. A more methodical tactic is to craft a risk engine. It blends rules and policies that are optimized through the use of machine learning. Along with this, other methods such as data signals for transactions, real-time behavioral analytics and device fingerprinting, too, are coming into play.
Working out a multi-disciplinary line of attack against fraudsters, featuring technologies - both supervised and unsupervised machine learning - would better prepare merchants for fraud management. Unsupervised machine learning is useful to learn on the fly and spot deceptive patterns even without having been trained with past data, i.e. able to unearth anonymous fraud attacks. Thereafter, predictive analytics may still be used to run the probabilities of fraud, giving a risk score.
Machine learning systems are lending a new dimension to fraud prevention, one that over the years has largely revolved around the use of rule-based systems. This way the industry is gearing up to reduce reliance on hard rules and to filter out fraud while passing more genuine users. However, machine learning systems only provide probability scores - or fraud scores - and would still require a team of manual reviewers to make sense of the score and thereafter a decision to pass or reject a transaction.
Also, it is important to understand that merchants are battling with various types of fraud, and putting the best foot forward is about monitoring and evaluating each for risk. Clearly, the industry is counting on behavioral and situational attributes to apply right friction to the right person at the right time. As Sift points out, it is vital to overlook legacy fraud-fighting solutions. All of this means a merchant is only applying friction in a blanket, indiscriminate way to all users, shoppers and fraudsters alike. With dynamic friction, risk level is assessed in real-time so that merchants can offer safe, convenient, and customized user journeys that only become more accurate and appropriate over time. In case a risk touches a given threshold, extra verification comes it play. If the interactions come across as reliable, that extra authentication is eradicated, providing the shopper a more rationalized experience.
Monica highlighted a couple of aspects related to dynamic friction:
1. A dynamic friction system works out verification for an individual user and it learns as it goes. By assessing data on an ongoing basis, including the analysis of previous interactions, a blanket approach is avoided and such drilling eventually paves way for friction in only certain cases.
2. A merchant’s best customers are subjected to the least amount of friction necessary for secure validation. Legitimate customers proceed with minimal friction.
(Read: How to leverage dynamic friction to only target dodgy shoppers?)
Dynamic friction cuts down the risk of alienating good users and causing false positives. The user journey needs to be evaluated holistically, from end to end; as a user moves through each stage of the journey, each interaction is evaluated for risk. The best part about dynamic friction: make it extremely tough for fraudsters to succeed, and at the same time not hampering the experience of genuine shoppers and them being unaware of the fraud detection mechanisms being used.
Ai’s 2020 conference dates: http://www.airlineinformation.org/upcoming-events2/370-2020-conference-dates.html
26th February, 2020
Ai Editorial: Law enforcement agencies are looking at several areas – private and public sector partnership, capitalizing on data and high-tech crimes to curb fraudulent transactions, writes Ai’s Ritesh Gupta
The role of law enforcement agencies in combating a variety of cyberattacks is being tracked closely. Be it for private security and fraud prevention specialists or state-run agencies, no one organization is enough to deal with instances of cross-border cyber-attacks. But the role of law enforcement agencies in countering payment-related fraud and other ecommerce fraudulent can’t be undermined.
For instance, only a couple of months ago, Europol announced that its multidisciplinary initiative to derail illegal online transactions featuring flight tickets with compromised credit card data resulted in arrest of around 80 persons. These were suspected of traveling with airline tickets bought using stolen, compromised credit cards etc. Importantly, as also stated by Europol, some of the individuals were associated with unlawful immigration. For instance, some of the detained travelers had forged documents or IDs. At the time of this announcement, Europol also indicated that the airline industry’s losses hovered around $ 1 billion on annual, as a result of the fraudulent online purchases of flight tickets. Such illegitimate transactions are on top of the agenda of fraudsters/ online criminals and are often associated with more serious criminal activities including irregular immigration, trafficking in human beings, drug smuggling and terrorism.
Internet-enabled crimes and scams show no signs of letting up, according to data released by the FBI’s Internet Crime Complaint Center (IC3) in its 2019 Internet Crime Report. IC3 received 467,361 complaints in 2019—an average of nearly 1,300 every day—and recorded more than $3.5 billion in losses to individual and business victims.
“I believe in collaboration (for fighting fraud) at every level,” Jan-Jaap Kramer, Founder and CEO of FraudGuard told Ai during an edition of ATPS, held in the U. K. last year. He mentioned that fraud prevention as a discipline has come a long way, considering that a fraud analyst used to be isolated from other departments within an airline. And now various sectors have realized the significance of jointly fighting fraud since one fraudster can have access to a customer’s credentials. And these can be used across a variety of retail sites or in other ways to commit a fraudulent activity. “So it is imperative for merchants to cooperate and fight in unison,” Kramer had said.
Europol’s operations have been featuring participation of airlines. Other stakeholders that work with the law enforcement agency feature executives from online travel agencies, payment card companies, the International Air Transport Association (IATA), Perseuss etc. This is in addition to law enforcement, and judiciary and border agencies. They work in unison with Europol’s experts to spot dubious transactions and confirm the same with law enforcement officers deployed in the airports.
It was also mentioned that an EU-wide framework is “required to enable judicial authorities to take the first steps to attribute a case to a country where no initial link is apparent due to anonymity issues, thereby preventing any country from assuming jurisdiction initiating an investigation”.
Keen on exploring fraud prevention, data privacy and protection issues?
Check-out Ai’s conferences scheduled for 2020: https://lnkd.in/fE7UK_T